What is the bipolar disorder?
In recent years, the public paid more attention to bipolar disorder. It is also called manic-depressive psychosis or cyclophrenia. When it comes to bipolar disorder – it can be assumed from someone’s behavior and is determined by euphoric or depressive states. Changes in mood often defined as “cyclical.” What distinguishes bipolar disorder from depression is the continuous replacement of the depressive phase with manic phase.
Bipolar disorder is a serious brain disorder in which people experience normal ideas as something extraordinary.
The cause of bipolar disorder are generally a mystery; it is considered that heredity is a real condition and the lifetime stressful situations.
Bipolar disorder is a disease that affects the normal biochemical processes of the brain, which results in the behavior and the experience of those affected by it. The most important change in bipolar disorder are the mood disorders. Therefore bipolar disorder belongs to so called mood disorders (or affect disorders).
Approximately 1% of people get sick from bipolar disorder at some point in their lives. It affects equally men and women. The bipolar disorder often occurs after the 50th anniversary of your life, most often debuts at the age of about 30. Two percent of the US population probably suffered from bipolar disorder, which means that only in this country there are millions suffering from this disease.
What are the symptoms of bipolar disorder and how to recognize this health problem?
They are united by a rotation of “light” and “dark” episodes in worldviews and behavior: periods of energy and positive thinking, causeless joy, optimism – etc. obsessions; periods of depression, pessimism, despair – depression. These episodes alternate with different duration and pauses during which the people with bipolar disorder may feel completely healthy.
Acts of aggression
Acts of aggression are often characteristic of bipolar disorder. In general, people with bipolar disorder are unwilling to accept that they have a health problem. They do not want to be treated and the insistent calls and advises to do it make them aggressive – both to their family and to medical professionals.
Sometimes the phases of mania and depression can be changed very rapidly, even within one day. Then they consistently observed unmotivated acts of aggression and anxiety, impulsive and panic, insomnia and fatigue, racing thoughts.
This is the period of causeless joy of life; the person with bipolar disorder feel capable of great things, making plans and rushing to implement them without delay and without inhibitions. He is full of energy and optimism without reality to support it.
The person is sociable, talking constantly and coming into contact with total strangers. Its mood is darkened if someone tries to land his plans; then it becomes irritable, but was adamant in his desires. The ideas of a person in the manic phase of bipolar disorder are flowing out one after another and it is practically impossible not only to achieve then but even to realize them.
In this phase there is no the sleep. The patient does not feel hunger and eat mechanically or miss meals. When he spends a lot of energy and without eating, he usually loses weight and limits the resources to the next, “dark” phase of bipolar disorder.
Manic depression is often confused with other types of depression, and sometimes with schizophrenia, because of the similar symptoms.
Inherent in this phase are gloomy worldview, sense of worthlessness, depression. Typical for the disease are missing the joy of life and the expectation of further negative experiences, misery and pain. People with depression self-assessment life as ruined, although only a day or two before it can be made grandiose plans for the future.
In the depressive phase often people are troubled by thoughts of suicide, and in some cases there are such attempts.
Self-perception in a state of depression has physical dimensions – lack of energy, constant fatigue, tendency to do nothing and remaining at home. The appetite is reduced and the concentration and attention worsen with the time. There are changes the rhythm of the sleep and its quality is degraded.
Treatment and medication
This condition accompanies the patient throughout his life. However, modern medicine offers different forms of treatment to manage and control bipolar disorder. It can be controlled to a level which does not observe such rapid changes in the emotional attitude and the sufferer is balanced and resistant to different triggering mechanisms.
Treatment of bipolar disorder comes down to taking the appropriate medication, psychotherapy, changes in lifestyle and support from family and friends.The person with bipolar disorder should be aware of the health problem and consciously to approach the possibilities for control over the final states. Talking to a therapist can help to contribute to mastering the techniques of self-control.
Contact with nature, exercise, walking and hobby activities are an important part of this self-control and the pursuit of a balanced life. The support of family and friends has the same functions.
If treatment is assigned must be followed the doctor’s advises even when the patient has the feeling that it is cured. In some cases, the medication may be for a long time. The most commonly used medications for bipolar disorder are so called mood stabilizers. As their name suggests, they have a task to stabilize emotions and mental processes, to prevent extreme manifestations of mania and depression.
Heredity plays an important role in the appearing of the bipolar disorder. Specialists believe that it is possible hereditary predisposition not to develop as a disease.However, if one parent is suffering from such a disease the risk of the child to develop a bipolar disorder is higher by 25% if both parents have this problem – the risk increases by 50%.
Regardless of the hereditary “code” the triggering factors can usually be problems in the transitional age (11-13 years), severe physical or emotional trauma, stress. Besides heredity, for the development of the disease are responsible and various psycho-social factors, such as stressful life events that can act as triggers. Unfortunately, such events have not yet been thoroughly researched.
How To Prevent Bipolar Disorder?
It is difficult to indicate a definite method for prevention, given the unclear and multi-factorial etiology of the disease. It is recommended to prevent of chronic stress, to do regular sports activities and to avoid abuse with psychotropic substance.
How family and friends can help?
Acceptance of the fact that someone close to you is having problems with the mental health can be very difficult. Often relatives deceive themselves that things are not so bad that it is a momentary discomfort that the family could handle until they are forced by the deteriorating condition of their relative, to accept the fact that they are facing a serious crisis.
There is always something to be done to help. Try to learn as much as you can about the disease. Realize that changes in behavior that can monitor, which may include anger directed at you, but which are caused by the disease rather than the person you love. Show your love and support.
Ask for help. Refer seriously and responsibly. Call for help if you think the person may be in danger or may harm someone. Seek support for yourself. You do not have to fight this alone.